The history of jeep began with World War II, and it is safe to say that no other motor vehicle has ever inspired the kind of respect and affection accorded the World War II jeep. There were many advantages to the jeep. Being small and compact, it could be transported to battle areas by plane or glider, dropped by parachute, or floated across a river. The jeep became as familiar to the rich and famous as it was to the ordinary Joe. Madame Chiang Kai-shek toured Cairo in a jeep, with General Claire Chennault as her chauffeur. Queen Elizabeth used a jeep in her wartime visit to Northern Ireland. President Franklin D. Roosevelt rode in a jeep as he reviewed the troops in Morocco. Prime Minister Winston Churchill sat in a jeep as he watched the historic landings at Normandy. General George S. Patton chose a jeep instead of a staff car for his trip to Fatale, Morocco, when he accepted the surrender of the French resident general there.